A reference guide to Hungarian grammar, designed with English-speakers in mind

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Possession of multiple objects in Hungarian

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See the introduction to Hungarian possession for a broad description.

The biggest difference between this an owning single objects is the letter i.

How to apply the possessive

Plural or single?

First, decide how many objects are owned.

If one item is possessed, go to the single objects page.

If several items are possessed you need to check that the number of objects is qualified but not quantified. That is, if we have "some" but you don't know the exact number.

If you know the exact number, go to the single objectspage.

Application of endings

Then, select the owner of the object.

The owner is either I, you, he/she/it, we, you (pl), or they.

Finally, apply the relevant endings.

Owner Charactistic ending Endings Examples
én -im -im/aim/eim almáim dobozaim kezeim házaim
te -id -id/aid/eid almáid dobozaid kezeid házaid
ő -ai -ai/ei almái dobozai kezei házai
mi -ink -ink/aink/eink almáink dobozaink kezeink házaink
ti -itok -aitok/eitek almáitok dobozaitok kezeitek házaitok
ő(k)* -ik -aik/eik almáik dobozaik kezeik házaik

alma = apple
doboz = box
kéz = hand, becomes kez- when endings applied
ház = house

Note how alma + aim -->  almaaim --> almáim
See the note on lengthening trailing vowels

*  See the explanation here: single possession

Nouns that take -j- before the ending

There are certain nouns that take an additional -j- before the regular endings. These words, despite ending in a consonant, do not take the vowel-initial ending directly but instead take this -j- version.

There are two categories. You just have to learn which a word falls into.

Category one. The word takes the extra -j- in the third person with singular possession and in all plural possessive forms. An example is kar arm.

  • karom
  • karod
  • karja
  • karunk
  • karotok
  • karjuk
  • karjaim
  • karjaid
  • karjai
  • karjaink
  • karjaitok
  • karjaik

Category two. The word takes the extra -j- in the third person with singular possession. An example is barát friend.

  • barátom
  • barátod
  • barátja
  • barátunk
  • barátotok
  • barátjuk
  • barátaim
  • barátaid
  • barátai
  • barátaink
  • barátaitok
  • barátaik

In a way these nouns are irregular and you must simply learn them. Often a dictionary or glossary will indicate to you this fact.

The second type is very rare. Some other examples are szomszéd, ügyvéd.

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