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Verb building with -ít and -ul

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These endings form verbs from nouns and adjectives. Compare the two lists of examples, where you will see the same base words creating two verbs each, one transitive and one intransitive.

Making transitive verbs with -ít

A transitive verb can be formed from a noun by adding -ít to the end.

  • tan study, science, doctrine
  • tanít (to) teach
  • szabad free
  • szabadít (to) liberate
  • pír glow (Hence: piros - red)
  • pirít (to) toast
  • fordít (to) turn it (around)

Making intransitive verbs with -ul

An intransitive verb can be formed from a noun by adding -ul/ül to the end, with the selction between these of course based on vowel harmony.

  • tan study, science, doctrine
  • tanul (to) learn, (to) study
  • szabad free
  • szabadul (to) escape
  • pír glow
  • pirul (to) blush
  • fordul (to) turn (around)

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Making adjectives (-só)
Making verbs (-ít/-ul) Next
Making nouns (-ság)

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